Software Architect

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Software Architect, Wiley
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A STRATEGIC STATE-OF-THE-ART SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE MANUAL FOR ALL SKILL LEVELSIn Software Architect, veteran enterprise and solution architect Michael Bell delivers a hands-on playbook of best practices for aspiring and practicing software architects, seeking to improve their software design, integration, communication, presentation, and knowledge acquisition skills. He explores the career enablement, career planning, self-training, and self-improvement topics you’ll need to increase your ability to offer powerful and effective business and technological solutions. In the book, you’ll learn how to help companies promote business and technological transformation by implementing modern and first-class software design, deployment, integration, and operations. Software Architect also includes:

* A modern software architect’s toolbox that includes best practices for multi-dimensional software design and integration in an enterprise quantum computing ecosystem
* A breakdown of the various types of software architects, as well as useful self-assessments for aspiring and practicing professionals
* Skill acquisition strategies for software architects along with strategic approaches to ace software architecture interviews

An indispensable manual for aspiring to be architects, software architects-in-training, and practicing software architects. Software Architect is an essential read for anyone hoping to improve their ability to deliver robust business and technical solutions to enterprises everywhere. MICHAEL BELL is an enterprise and solution architect with hands-on experience in business and software architecture modeling. He has consulted for organizations including J.P. Morgan Chase, Citibank, Bank One, UBS-Paine Webber, American Express, AIG, and the US government. He is the best-selling author of software architecture books, and he offers a variety of enterprise integration solutions for back-end and customer-facing systems. Introduction xxiii

PART 1 SOFTWARE ARCHITECT CAPABILITY MODEL 1

CHAPTER 1 SOFTWARE ARCHITECT CAPABILITY MODEL 3

Software Architect Capability Model: Benefits 4

How Should Organizations Utilize the Software Architect Capability Model? 4

Why Create a Personal Software Architect Capability Model? 5

Rudimentary Guiding Principles 6

Software Architect Capability Model Creation Process 6

Requirements Drive Architecture Solutions 7

Requirements Issued by Problem and Solution Domain Entities 7

How Do the Problem and Solution Domains Collaborate? 7

Important Facts to Remember 9

Create a Software Architect Capability Model in Five Steps 9

Step 1: Provide Requirements and Specifications 10

Business Requirements 10

Technical Specifications 11

Ensure Clear Requirements 11

Step 2: Identify Software Architecture Practices 12

Establish Architecture Practices 12

Step 3: Establish Software Architecture Disciplines 13

Apply Architecture Disciplines to Architecture Practices 14

Applying Disciplines to the Application Architecture Practice 14

Applying Disciplines for the Data Architecture Practice 16

Step 4: Add Software Architecture Deliverables 17

About Software Architecture Deliverables 17

Add the Deliverables Section 18

Step 5: Quantify Skill Competencies 21

Quantifying Architecture Skills 22

Measuring the Application Architect Skill Levels 22

Measuring Data Architect Skill Levels 24

Skill Competency Patterns for Architects 25

How Can Organizations Utilize the Skill Competency Pattern? 26

How an Individual Can Utilize the Skill Competency Pattern 27

Interview Questions 28

PART 2 SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE CAREER PLANNING 29

CHAPTER 2 TYPES OF SOFTWARE ARCHITECTS 31

Business Needs for Technological Solutions 32

Business Needs for Software Architecture: Strategic Collaboration 32

How Does Software Architecture Respond to Business Needs? 33

Business Needs for Software Architecture: Technological Mediation 33

How Could Technological Mediation Efforts Be Utilized? 34

Business Needs for Software Architecture: Technological Implementation 34

How Does the Implementation of Software Products Meet Business Needs? 34

Organizational Leading Software Architect Levels 35

Ranking Leading Software Architects 35

Collaboration Hierarchy of Leading Software Architects 36

Level I: Enterprise Architect Responsibilities 38

Enterprise Architect Summary of Responsibilities 38

Enterprise Architect Responsibility Table 39

Level II: Solution Architect Responsibilities 40

Solution Architect Summary of Responsibilities 41

Solution Architect Responsibility Table 42

Level III: Application Architect Responsibilities 44

Application Architect Summary of Responsibilities 44

Application Architect Responsibilities Table 46

Comparing Responsibilities of Leading Software Architects 48

Types of Domain Software Architects 49

Data Architect 49

Data Architect Summary of Responsibilities 50

Data Architect Responsibilities Table 51

Cloud Architect 51

Cloud Architect Summary of Responsibilities 54

Cloud Architect Responsibilities Table 55

Security Architect 57

Security Architect Summary of Responsibilities 58

Security Architect Responsibilities Table 60

Business Architect 62

Business Architect Summary of Responsibilities 62

Business Architect Responsibilities Table 63

Collaboration Between Leading Software Architects and Domain Software Architects 65

Use Case I: Collaboration Between an Application Architect and a Data Architect 66

Application Architect and Data Architect Collaboration Table 66

Use Case II: Solution Architect and Security Architect 68

Solution Architect and Security Architect Collaboration Table 68

Use Case III: Business Architect and Enterprise Architect Collaboration 70

Business Architect and Enterprise Architect Collaboration Table 70

CHAPTER 3 CAREER PLANNING FOR SOFTWARE ARCHITECTS: A WINNING STRATEGY 73

Software Architecture Career Planning Process 74

Career Planning Step 1: Conduct Self- Discovery 75

Discovery of Technological and Social Talents 75

Career Planning Self- Discovery Subjects 76

Career Planning Step 2: Pursue Research 76

Formal Education, Training, and Certification 77

Employment Opportunities and Interviews 77

Subjects of Research 77

Career Planning Step 3: Devise an Approach 78

Setting Software Architecture Career Goals 78

Setting Software Architecture Career Milestones 80

Decision- Making 81

Action Planning 82

Career Planning Step 4: Plan Career Execution 85

Use Case I: A Software Architecture Career Execution Plan with Alternative Tasks 85

Use Case II: Optimized Software Architecture Execution Plan 88

Self- Discovery Process: The Six Ws 89

The “Why” 90

The “Who” 91

The “What” 92

Self- Discovery Questions for Software Architecture Candidates 93

Self- Discovery Queries for Software Architects 93

The “Where” 94

The “When” 95

The “How” 96

“How” Self- Queries for Software Architecture Applicants 97

“How” Self- Questions for Practicing Software Architects 97

Carving a Software Architecture Career Path 98

The 4D Software Architecture Career Perspectives 99

Social- Driven Career Perspective 100

Social- Driven Career Chart 100

Carve Out a Social- Driven Career Chart 101

Social- Driven Career Path 102

Create a Social- Driven Career Path 102

Technology- Driven Career Perspective 103

Technology- Driven Career Chart 104

Create a Technology- Driven Career Chart 105

Technical- Driven Career Path 106

Develop a Technical- Driven Career Path 106

Leadership- Driven Career Perspective 107

Leadership- Driven Career Chart 108

Create a Leadership- Driven Career Chart 109

Leadership- Driven Career Path 110

Develop a Leadership- Driven Career Path 110

Strategy- Driven Career Perspective 112

Strategy- Driven Career Chart 112

Create a Strategy- Driven Career Chart 114

Strategy- Driven Career Path 114

Develop a Strategy- Driven Career Path 115

CHAPTER 4 SELF- ASSESSMENT FOR SOFTWARE ARCHITECTS 117

Social Intelligence 118

Teamwork 118

Partnership 119

Self- consciousness 119

Communication 120

Networking 120

Soft Skills 120

Trust Building 121

Learning from Others 121

Negotiation 122

Self- presentation 122

Teleworking 123

Fellowship 123

Self- sufficiency 124

Handling Customer Relationships 124

Social Intelligence Skill Assessment 124

Software Architecture Practice 126

Software Architecture Strategy 126

Software Architecture Vision 127

Software Architecture Role 127

System Integration 128

Interoperability 128

Software Reuse 129

Distributed Architecture Model 129

Federated Architecture Model 129

Architecture Styles 130

Architecture and Design Patterns 130

Componentization 130

Software Architecture Frameworks 131

Software Development 131

Software Architecture Practice Skill Assessment 132

Leadership 133

Managing Time 134

Decision- Making 134

Problem-solving 134

Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion 135

Responsibility and Accountability 135

Hiring Preferences 136

Creative Thinking 136

Critical Thinking 136

Being Proactive 137

Establishment of Trust 137

Administrative Duties 138

Coaching and Training 138

Team Building 139

Resolving Conflicts 139

Assessment of Leadership Competencies 140

Strategy 141

Software Architecture Strategy 142

Strategic Thinking 142

Problem Identification 142

Problem-solving 143

Abstraction 143

Generalization 144

Visualization 144

Software Design Approaches 145

Simplification 145

Analytical Capabilities 145

Influencing 146

Promoting Culture 146

Strategy Execution Plan 147

Assessment of Strategic Competencies 147

PART 3 SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE TOOLBOX 149

CHAPTER 5 EMPLOYING INNATE TALENTS TO PROVIDE POTENT ORGANIZATIONAL SOLUTIONS 151

Innate Skills Promote Software Architecture Effectiveness 152

Remember: Survival, Survival, Survival 152

Consequences of Failing to Invoke Innate Talents 153

Employ Chief Innate Talents to Become an Effective Software Architect 154

The Power of Creativity 154

The Benefits of Unleashing Software Architecture Creativity 155

Unleash the Power of Software Architecture Creativity 155

The Potency of Imagination 157

The Benefits of Harnessing Imagination 158

Unleash the Power of Imagination 159

Software Design Aesthetic 162

Technical Proficiency and Aesthetic Talents Drive Software Design 162

The Chief Contribution of Design Aesthetic Talents to Software Architecture 163

Curiosity Attributes 167

The Contribution of Curiosity to Software Architecture 167

The Influencing Facets of Curiosity on Software Architecture Practices 168

CHAPTER 6 SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE ENVIRONMENT CONSTRUCTION 173

Benefits of the Software Architecture Environment Construction Discipline 174

Must Haves: Problem Statements and Requirements 174

Never Start a Software Design Project Without Understanding the Problems 175

Never Start a Software Design Project Without Requirements 176

Software Architecture Structures 176

Micro Level: Multidimensional Structures of Software Implementations 176

Macro Level: 3D Software Architecture Environment Structure 177

Software Architecture Environment: Driven by an Uncontrolled Quantum Landscape Behavior 178

Software Architecture Environment: An Intelligent Topological Space 179

Deformation Aspects of a Multidimensional Software Architecture Environment 181

Entanglement Effects in a Software Architecture Environment 182

Software Architecture Environment Forces Drive Software Behavior 183

Probability Assessment of Software Operations and Behavior 184

Software Architecture Environment Positive and Negative Forces 184

Software Architecture Environment Gravitational Forces 185

The Impetus for Granting Software Architecture Gravitational Powers to Software Implementations 186

Software Architecture Gravitational Force Intensity 187

The Cost of Unbalanced Software Architecture Environment Gravitational Forces 187

Competing Software Architecture Environment Forces 188

Software Architecture Environment: A Survival Game Space 188

Maintaining a Pragmatic Balance Between Competing Software Architecture Forces 189

Mitigating the Competing Forces Challenge 190

Software Architecture Environment Harmonizing and Disharmonizing Forces 190

Chief Properties of Harmonizing Forces in a Software Architecture Environment 191

Chief Properties of Disharmonizing Forces in a Software Architecture Environment 193

Genetic Encoding of a Software Architecture Environment 194

Difficulties of Restructuring a Software Architecture Environment 194

Encoding a Software Architecture Environment 195

Influences on Social, Behavioral, and Business Goals 195

Software Architecture Environment Construction Life Cycle 196

Software Architecture Environment Construction Process 197

Creating a Software Architecture Environment Construction Balance Table 197

Software Architecture Environment Construction Design Activities 199

Use Case I: Software Architecture Environment Composition and Decomposition Design Activities 201

Design- Time vs. Runtime Environment Composition and Decomposition Design Activities 201

Composition and Decomposition Design Methods 202

Composition and Decomposition Process Outline 203

Use Case II: Software Architecture Environment Integration and Disintegration Design Activities 204

When to Apply Integration and Disintegration Design Activities 205

Integration and Disintegration Design Methods 205

Integration and Disintegration Process Outline 206

Use Case III: Software Architecture Environment Centralization and Decentralization Design Activities 208

When to Employ the Software Environment Centralization and Decentralization Design Activities 208

Centralization and Decentralization Design Methods 209

Software Architecture Environment Centralization and Decentralization Process Outline 210

Use Case IV: Software Architecture Environment Elasticity and Inelasticity Design Activities 211

CHAPTER 7 WHEN TO EMPLOY ELASTICITY AND INELASTICITY DESIGN ACTIVITIES 212

Elasticity and Inelasticity Design Methods 213

Software Architecture Elasticity and Inelasticity Design Process Outline 214

Use Case V: Software Architecture Environment Synchronization and Desynchronization Design Activities 215

When to Employ Environment Synchronization and Desynchronization Design Activities 216

Environment Synchronization and Desynchronization Design Methods 216

Software Architecture Environment Synchronization and Desynchronization Design Process Outline 218

Construction Laws of a Software Architecture Environment 219

Best Practices for Software Architecture Environment Construction 220

Structural Construction of Software Implementations in Multidimensional Environments 223

Software Architecture Solids: Rudimentary Geometrical Design Structures 224

Atomic Solid 225

Composite Solid 227

Monolithic Solid 228

Interface Solid 229

Pipe Solid 230

Inclusive Utilization of Pipe Solids 231

Exclusive Utilization of Pipe Solids 232

Internal Utilization of Pipe Solids 233

Data Solid 234

Software Architecture Solids’ Attribute Summary 236

Software Architecture Dimensional Model 237

Software Architecture: Zero Dimension 238

Software Architecture: One Dimension 239

Software Architecture: Two Dimensions 240

What Impacts the Length and Width Dimensions of a

2D Software Structure? 241

Software Architecture: Three Dimensions 242

Volumes of 3D Software Structures 242

Increase in Software Architecture Level of Specificity in a

3D Computing World 243

Software Population Sustainability in an Architecture Environment Space: A Capacity Planning Challenge 245

Comparative Perspectives in a Software Architecture Space 246

3D Software Structures in a Software Architecture Computing Space 247

The Impetus for Establishing a 3D Software Architecture Space 247

Chief Features of Software Architecture Computing Space 249

Influences of Software Structures on Software Architecture Computing Space 250

Relative Positions in a 3D Software Architecture Computing Space 250

Coordinate Axes: Skeleton of a Software Architecture Computing Space 251

Software Architecture Computing Space Logical Coordinate System 252

Cardinal and Intercardinal Physical Directions in Software Architecture Computing Space 253

Applying Cardinal and Intercardinal Directions to Software Architecture Computing Space 254

Marrying a Logical Coordinate System with Cardinal and Intercardinal Physical Directions System 255

Leveraging the Z- Axis to Create Floors in a Software Architecture Computing Space 256

Distribution Styles of 3D Software Implementations in an Architecture Computing Space 257

Federated Distribution Style 258

Flooring Distribution Style 260

Symmetrical and Asymmetrical Distribution Styles 261

Symmetrical Distribution Style 261

Asymmetrical Distribution Style 263

Construction Life Cycle of Software Implementations 264

Software Construction Process 265

Creating a Software Construction Balance Table 265

Software Construction Design Activities 266

Use Case I: Thicken and Contract Design Activities 267

When to Apply Thicken and Contract Design Activities 268

Thicken and Contract Design Methods 269

Software Structure Thickening and Contracting Process Outline 270

Use Case II: Lengthen and Shorten Design Activities 272

When to Apply the Lengthen and Shorten Design Activities 273

Lengthen and Shorten Design Methods 273

Software Structure Lengthening and Shortening Process Outline 275

Use Case III: Layer and Delayer Design Activities 277

When to Apply Layer and Delayer Design Activities 277

Layer and Delayer Design Methods 278

Layer and Delayer Process Outline 279

Governing Laws for Software Construction in a 3D Computing World 281

Best Practices for Constructing Software Implementations 282

PART 4 SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE INTERVIEW PREPARATIONS 285

CHAPTER 8 PREPARING FOR A SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE INTERVIEW: A WINNING STRATEGY 287

Software Architecture Job Interview Strategy 288

Preparing a Job Interview Defense Plan 288

Preparing a Job Interview Attack Plan 289

Software Architecture Job Interview Preparation Model 290

Software Architecture Job Interview Defense Plan 291

Study and Analyze the Job Description 291

Start with Identifying the Scope of the Software Architecture Job Requirements 292

Dive Deep into the Software Architect Job Description 293

Start with Analyzing the Summary Portion of the Job Requirements 294

Create a Findings Table Version I for the Job Description 295

Next, Analyze the Responsibilities Portion of the Job Requirements 296

Then, Update the Findings Table Version II of the Job Description 296

Last, Analyze the Software Architect Skills Portion of the Job Requirements 297

Do Not Forget to Update the Findings Table of the Job Description 298

Create a Software Architect Skill Competency Model for the Job Description 299

Skill Competency Model’s Requirements and Practices 300

Skill Competency Model’s Disciplines 301

Design Discipline’s Deliverables 301

Cybersecurity Discipline Deliverables 301

Products Selection and Evaluation Discipline’s Deliverables 302

SDLC Discipline’s Deliverables 302

The Competency Part of the Skill Competency Model 303

Discover the Personal Knowledge Gap Before Attending a Job Interview 303

Assess Whether the Next Software Architecture Job Is a Strategic Career Move 304

Conduct a Software Architecture Mock Interview 305

Prepare a Software Architecture Interview Cheat Sheet 306

Prepare for Possible Software Architecture Interview Questions 307

Software Architecture Job Interview Attack Plan 308

Study the Hiring Organization’s Business 309

Start by Finding Information About the Hiring Organization 309

CHAPTER 9 LEVERAGING BUSINESS KNOWLEDGE DURING AN INTERVIEW 311

Understand the Business Model 312

Get Familiar with the Hiring Company’s Culture 314

Conduct a Quick SWOT Analysis 315

Understand the Hiring Organization’s Technology 316

Technological Information Sources 316

Discover the Environment’s Technology Stack 318

Learn About the Development Technology Stack 319

Study the Applications 320

Identify Specific IT Projects 321

Demonstrate Enterprise Architecture Knowledge of the Hiring Organization 321

Adopt Software Architecture Lingo 323

Use Design Patterns Vocabulary 323

Use the Software Architecture Guidelines Lingo to Communicate Solutions 324

Remember Software Architecture Tools 328

Classification of Software Architecture Tools 329

Especially Prepare for Architecture Visualization Tools Questions 332

Get Familiar with Software Architecture Analysis and Evaluation Methods 333

Be Aware of Early Architecture Evaluation Methods 334

Be Aware of Late Architecture Evaluation Methods 335

Talk About Software Architecture Analysis Standards 335

An Outline for Software Architecture Job Interview Questions 337

Behavioral Questions 338

Communication 339

Interpersonal Relationships 340

Software Architecture Leadership 340

Skill Assessment Questions 341

Software Architecture Attributes Questions 342

Software Architecture LifeCycle Questions 343

Software Architecture Concepts Questions 346

Design Building Blocks Concepts 347

Employ Design Building Blocks Concepts to Depict Solutions 347

Prepare for the “How to Design” Interview Questions 348

Software Architecture Environment Concepts 349

Business Concepts 351

Consumer Concepts 352

Architecture Style, Architecture Pattern, and Design Pattern Questions 353

Architecture Patterns vs. Design Patterns 353

Understand Architecture Styles 355

Remember Contextual Hierarchy of Patterns 355

Why Interviewers Ask Architecture and Design Pattern Questions 356

Prepare for Architecture and Design Pattern Questions 357

Problem-solving and decision- making Questions 358

Embrace the Software Architecture Problem- Solving and Decision- Making Process 358

Identifying Business Problems 358

Attend to the Problem- Solving and Decision- Making Process 359

Prepare for Problem- Solving and Decision- Making Questions 360

Data- Related Questions 360

Focus on Data Aspects Related to Software Architecture 361

More Data- Related Interview Questions 361

Production Environment Questions 362

Characteristics of Software Architecture Environment Hosted in Production 363

Production Environment-Related Questions 364

Software Architecture Framework Questions 365

Focus on Array of Framework Contributions 365

Software Architecture Framework Questions 367

Index 369
Artikel-Details
Anbieter:
Wiley
Autor:
Michael Bell
Artikelnummer:
9781119820994
Veröffentlicht:
22.02.2023
Seitenanzahl:
432